Bone Inflammation (Osteomyelitis) in Children and Its Treatment

Known as osteomyelitis, osteomyelitis threatens the health of children the most. Even seemingly simple febrile illnesses, such as the flu or the common cold, can turn into rheumatoid arthritis in children. So, what are the symptoms of osteomyelitis in children and how is osteomyelitis treated? Let’s start!

What is osteomyelitis?

Inflammation of the bones due to infection is called osteomyelitis. There are two types, acute and chronic osteoarthritis, only their treatments differ.

What causes joint inflammation in children?

The factors that cause osteoarthritis in adults and the causes in children are actually the same. Only when the disease is acute in children can it be treated more easily. The main causes of joint and bone inflammation in children can be listed as follows:

  • Genetic predisposition,
  • Tooth and tonsil infections,
  • flu and cold ,
  • Farenjit,
  • Sinusitis,
  • pneumonia .

Orthopedic Specialist That during a simple infection that usually starts in the throat, microbes can mix with the blood and these microbes can reach the bones through the blood circulation. For this reason, it should not be said that it is a throat infection.

Microbes (staphylococcus, streptococcus, and hemophilus) that settle in the shin bone near the knee, in the upper leg and upper arm bone near the joint, can multiply rapidly and form abscesses. In some cases, they can lead to lifelong osteoarthritis. If the microbes settle in the knee, hip and shoulder joints instead of the bones, the inflammatory disease called septic arthritis can begin. 

What are the symptoms of joint inflammation in children?

We can list the symptoms of bone and joint infections in children as follows:

  • localized pain,
  • Increased temperature, redness and swelling in the area of ​​pain,
  • Intense bone pain
  • High fever,
  • Fatigue and sweating,
  • overreactivity,
  • Lethargy (persistent sleepiness in which vital functions slow down).

Who gets osteomyelitis?

Both osteomyelitis and septic arthritis are most common in young children. 

  • Using drugs that weaken the immune system, such as cortisone and cancer drugs,
  • have a genetic predisposition,
  • Osteomyelitis is more common in children with diabetes.

In which cases is joint and bone inflammation serious?

In the bones or joints of a child with a fever;

  • pain,
  • Swelling,
  • redness,
  • If you experience symptoms such as difficulty in movement, you should definitely consult a specialist.

As in many diseases, early diagnosis facilitates treatment in bone and joint infections.

Which doctor should I go to for osteoarthritis?

Since there are many causes of bone pain in children, the factor that causes the disease also affects the part of the treatment. However, since the main factor is usually unknown, the first application should be made to the orthopedics and traumatology department. If your doctor suspects another disease after performing the necessary examinations and tests, he will direct you to the doctor of the relevant department.

How is osteomyelitis treated in children?

Osteomyelitis is not a disease that can be cured by herbal treatment. For treatment, it is important at what stage the osteoarthritis is in children. If your child has acute osteoarthritis, it is possible to disperse the infection with medication. In the acute osteitis stage, antibiotic therapy is sufficient to disperse the inflammation in the area.

However, surgical operation is often required in chronic osteoarthritis. By entering the bone with fine instruments, the accumulated inflammation is removed and the area is cleaned. Then, with antibiotic treatment, the inflammation on the area is prevented from getting stronger again. After a few weeks, complete recovery is seen. 

What are the complications of osteomyelitis in children?

Since the operation will be performed on the bone, your child may have problems in using his limbs. Children with osseous inflammation on the wrist and who are surgically removed may experience situations such as not being able to use their arm for a few weeks. The same is true for the legs. Children whose mobility is restricted during the day can also feel sad and undesirable psychological situations may arise. In such cases, you must ensure that your child receives psychological support.

What happens if osteoarthritis in children is not treated?

If bone and joint infection in children is not treated on time; Lifelong problems such as shortness of arms and legs, deformity and difficulty in movement may occur.

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