Cervical cancer, one of the leading types of cancer seen in women, is a disease that threatens every woman and must be detected beforehand. In this article, we have explained the symptoms of cervical cancer, its treatment and what needs to be done to prevent it.
What is cervical cancer?
This type of cancer is a disease that starts from the cervix, the other name is the cervix, and is caused by the proliferation of cancerous cells in the region that connects the uterus and the vagina. It is also known as cervical cancer. According to studies, cervical cancer puts the lives of 500,000 women at risk per year.
What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?
- Vaginal bleeding that occurs outside the menstrual period and occurs after sexual intercourse,
- Consistency is different, odor is bad, abnormal discharge,
- Pain in the lower abdomen and groin,
- Frequent urge to urinate
- pain during urination,
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Warts that protrude towards the genital area and anus,
- Loss of appetite and unexplained weight loss
- Conditions such as swelling in the feet are among the symptoms of cervical cancer.
“What are the symptoms of cervical cancer, which are the 3 most important symptoms?” If you’re asking, let’s give you information right away. Warts, bleeding and pain are among the most important symptoms of cervical cancer.
What causes cervical cancer?
The most important factor that causes cervical cancer and creates the appropriate ground is the Human Papilloma Virus, which is referred to as HPV. HPV, which has more than 100 types, usually occurs with warts around the cervix. Sometimes it can cause cancer in the vulva, vagina, penis, anus, tongue and tonsils. However, let’s also point out that there is no such thing as everyone who gets the HPV virus will get cancer.
Other conditions that cause both HPV and subsequent cervical cancer include:
- Having multiple sexual partners
- Using birth control pills for too long
- Starting sexual activity at a very early age,
- immune system disorders,
- many births,
- To have the first birth before the age of 17,
- Having a family history of cervical cancer
- Having had sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV, gonorrhea.
What are the stages of cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer staging determination is necessary to learn the condition of the disease and to shape the treatment. We can examine cervical cancer in 4 stages:
- Stage: Cancer occurs only in the cervix.
How is uterine cancer detected?
The first diagnostic test in uterine cancer is done with the PAP Smear test. Let’s briefly explain what the PAP Smear test is. In the PAP Smear test, a very small swab is taken from the cervix to examine whether there is cancer in the cells and the presence of viruses and microbes such as bacteria, HPV. Uterine cancer can initially progress without showing any symptoms. For this reason, especially women with an active sexual life and those over the age of 30 should have a smear test once a year.
How is cervical cancer treated?
The treatment is decided according to the stage of the cancer. In this type of cancer, there may be surgical intervention, the uterus can be surgically removed. Of course, different surgical interventions can be applied to preserve fertility.
Treatment types such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy are also applied in cervical cancer. Immunotherapy, such as immunotherapy, can also be added.
How is cervical cancer prevented?
The most important thing to do to detect cervical cancer early is not to delay the smear test.
HPV vaccination is also a preventive method. However, it does not cure the existing disease.
Reducing the number of sexual partners, being protected, not smoking as in all diseases, eating healthy and exercising are also protective against cervical cancer.