The development of bones and teeth is an important issue for child health. So what should be done to support and contribute to the child’s bone and tooth development? We explained it all in this article!
Why is bone and tooth development important in children?
Tooth and bone development in children are two issues that need to progress for a healthy body. The bones that make up our skeleton and the structure and development of teeth, which are one of the most important elements of a healthy diet, are very similar to each other. Both need calcium for their development. Both bones and teeth undergo many changes over time, and after a while, this development and change stops. In order to get the maximum efficiency from bones and teeth in old age, it is necessary to pay attention to these two facts in childhood and to make some kind of investment.
Bones and teeth that do not develop healthily create serious problems in adulthood. In order for the child not to experience problems such as osteoporosis and tooth loss in the future, they should be supported correctly in childhood.
What are the substances that make up bones and teeth?
As we mentioned above, the structure of teeth and bones is similar to each other, but there are also points where they differ. We have listed these items separately below.
How old does a child’s bone development last?
Bone development continues until about 20 years of age, but bone density in the body reaches its peak at 30-35 years of age.
How old does a child’s teeth develop?
Tooth development, including the eruption and fall of milk teeth, can take up to 17 years of age.
What should be done to support bone and tooth development in children?
The most important thing is nutrition!
Nutrition is the most basic factor for your child to have healthy bones and teeth. Because the way to obtain calcium and other minerals, which are the most important building blocks of teeth and bones, is through nutrition.
You know that milk is the biggest source of calcium! Therefore, you can give milk to your child when he is growing up. Apart from these, products such as cheese, yoghurt and kefir are just as important as milk. But of course, you should give milk and dairy products in certain proportions.
First of all, let’s say that babies under the age of 1 should not consume cow’s milk. Because cow’s milk has effects on these babies such as allergies, digestive disorders and anemia .
What are the benefits of milk and cheese in bone and tooth development in children?
- It helps tissue repair.
- It helps the nerves and muscles to work properly.
- It supplements the body with building blocks such as calcium, phosphorus, B2, B12 and vitamin A, which help the healthy development of bones and teeth.
- It strengthens the immune system.
If there is a calcium deficiency in children, the teeth are more prone to decay and softening of the bones is observed.
In order to prevent this situation, let’s see what is the amount of calcium that children should take according to age.
|Age||Calcium amount (ml)|
|1-3 years old||500|
Let me give you some information according to this table. There is 300 mg of calcium in a glass of milk or a bowl of yogurt, and 200 mg of calcium in a matchbox of feta cheese. Accordingly, you should give your school-age child milk and dairy products at least 2 times a day, breakfast and lunch.
Your child may not like to drink milk or eat cheese. In this case, you can add cheese to your meals and omelets. You can serve milk by sweetening it with foods such as honey and molasses. The benefits of milk and cheese are well-known, you should definitely have them in your school-age child’s lunchbox.
Meanwhile, apart from milk and dairy products;
- Red meat,
- Dry beans,
- Fresh fruits and vegetables are among the foods that strengthen teeth and bones.
Don’t forget your vitamin D!
Vitamin D has a role as well as calcium in bone development in children. Vitamin D enables calcium to be activated in the body. So without vitamin D, calcium is powerless.
Vitamin D is provided by diet at a maximum of 30%. The best way to obtain this vitamin is the sun. For this reason, you can take your child to the sun for half an hour during the day, make him synthesize vitamin D, and contribute to bone development.
If your child has a high vitamin D deficiency, your doctor may recommend products such as supplemental drops.
Exercise strengthens bones!
Bones get stronger and stay healthy as long as they are used. If not used, bone loss may occur. Therefore, the exercises performed with the force applied on the bone are beneficial for the bone development of children.
- brisk walking,
- Jumping and jumping exercises,
- Sports such as basketball are suitable for bone development.
Create a brushing and care routine for teeth development in children!
We mentioned above, calcium and fluoride are two very important minerals for dental health. You can get calcium from food, but what about fluoride? Fluoride is an important mineral as it prevents tooth decay. This mineral occurs naturally in waters. However, if it is missing in the mains water, some fluoride is added by the state. However, a regular brushing routine with a fluoride-containing toothpaste is also sufficient to provide fluoride. In other words, regular brushing is very important for tooth development and health. That’s why it’s so important to create a brushing routine for children.
It is also known that fluoride accumulates in the bones of children in the developmental age and causes the bones to harden.
If your doctor notices a fluoride deficiency in your child’s body, they may recommend daily fluoride drops or tablets.