What is PMS, What is Good for Premenstrual Syndrome?

As your period approaches, your tension increases, strange changes occur in your body, and even the smallest problems grow in your eyes? Are your relatives running away from you during this period? What you are experiencing is premenstrual syndrome, that is, premenstrual syndrome !

In this article, we have explained what PMS period is, why it causes and how to overcome this difficult period. Now is the time to let go of all the tension!

What is PMS?

PMS, that is, premenstrual syndrome (premenstrual tension in Turkish ), is the name given to the troublesome situations that occur an average of 1 week before the menstrual period approaches. In other words, this syndrome is what causes the strange mood you experience as your period approaches and you cannot explain!

Premenstrual tension is a condition that can occur in every woman. But the problems it causes can be viewed differently in every woman. While some women may experience all of the symptoms severely, some women may experience a few mildly. Sometimes it can be more intense or mild. All of these are actually related to the problems you experienced that month and your physical condition!

In order to successfully overcome PMS, you must first have a good grasp of what the situation is! As long as you know the signs and ways to reduce the symptoms, a comfortable period awaits you!

What causes PMS?

Although it is not fully determined, the most important cause of premenstrual syndrome is the sensitivity experienced in the central nervous system and the constantly changing hormones in this process! Since the changing hormone levels affect you physically and mentally, you feel some problems in your body. Let’s see what other conditions can cause premenstrual syndrome?

  • stress,
  • Calcium and magnesium deficiency/imbalance,
  • Malnutrition.

What are the symptoms of PMS? What happens during the PMS period?

We can examine the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome under 2 headings.

physical symptoms

  • Abdominal pain in the form of menstrual cramps,
  • acne,
  • Swelling and tenderness in the breasts,
  • Weakness,
  • Headache,
  • abdominal swelling,
  • Waist and back pains,
  • Constipation,
  • Diarrhea,
  • stomach complaints,
  • Muscle and joint pains.

psychological symptoms

  • momentary mood swings,
  • intolerance,
  • Unrest,
  • Sudden crying spells
  • sleep problems,
  • Loss of appetite or increased appetite
  • Palpitation,
  • Depression,
  • concentration problems,
  • Increase or decrease in sexual desire.

When does PMS start?

We can answer the question of how many days before PMS starts, 1 week-10 days before the menstrual period.

Who gets PMS most?

Although it is perceived as a “made up syndrome” by some, PMS seriously affects life for a short time. Premenstrual syndrome seen in women all over the world, especially;

  • Experiencing intense stress, especially with a very tiring business life,
  • Experiencing or experiencing depression
  • who have not given birth before,
  • Experiencing the hardships of city life,
  • Having an irregular life
  • It is most common in women between the ages of 20-35.

How is premenstrual tension diagnosed?

There is no test or analysis to reveal this situation. But it is not correct to call every problem experienced before the menstrual period as PMS. If you are going through a process that requires treatment, first of all, you must have experienced some of the symptoms mentioned above at least 3 times and your life must be seriously affected by these problems (such as not being able to go to work or school).

So which doctor to go to for PMS? If you are experiencing such problems, you can see a gynecologist.

How is PMS treatment done?

There is no treatment method that completely eliminates premenstrual syndrome or that is directly aimed at this work. In some cases, if the doctor deems it appropriate, antidepressant derivatives and pain relievers can be used as medicine for premenstrual tension. Apart from this, some methods to alleviate the symptoms can be tried.

Watch your diet!

“What to do for premenstrual tension?” The first thing we’ll tell you is to watch your diet. Eliminating fatty, spicy, sugary and frozen foods from your diet, consuming fresh foods, and avoiding smoking and alcohol can seriously reduce PMS symptoms.


Even if you can’t do regular exercises such as pilates and swimming every day, even a 30-minute walk a day will help you relieve menstrual tension. In a study, it was observed that premenstrual symptoms were more common in women who did not exercise.

Get vitamin and mineral support!

Building blocks such as calcium, magnesium, vitamin B6, Omega-3 and 6 have positive effects on PMS. Therefore, you can get the support of these vitamins and minerals by consulting your doctor.

Take care of your sleep!

We know, it’s a little difficult to sleep in this process. But insomnia, like everything else, is also very effective on premenstrual tension. That’s why;

  • You should stay away from devices such as cell phones and computers close to bedtime.
  • You can take a warm shower about 1 hour before going to bed.
  • You shouldn’t eat near sleep.
  • You should pay attention to the temperature of the room where you will sleep. The room should be neither too hot nor too cold.

So, is there a herbal treatment for PMS syndrome? Although its effectiveness is not clearly known, there are those who say that herbs such as Melissa tea, chamomile herb, Jerusalem artichoke, chamomile tea, burdock relax the body and reduce the symptoms of PMS. You can try these herbs, provided that you do not overdo it.

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