What is Sperm Test (Spermiogram) and How Is It Done?

One of the tests that should be done when there is a possibility of infertility is the sperm test! In this article, we talked about all the details you need to know about spermiogram.

What is a sperm test?

If you haven’t been able to get pregnant despite having unprotected sex for 1 year, you may be talking about infertility. When you apply to your doctor in such a situation, some tests can be done on you and your spouse. Spermiogram test is one of the applications made to his wife in this context. In other words, we can say that the spermiogram is simply a ” male infertility test “.

By the way, another name for the sperm test is semen analysis.

The purpose of the sperm test is that the sperms;

  • your speed,
  • number,
  • To examine its quality. In the results, it is checked whether the sperm of the spouse works adequately for pregnancy. If there is a problem, it is evaluated to shape treatment methods.

How is the sperm test done?

When signs of infertility are detected, several different examinations are made for the spouse before the spermiogram. It is checked whether he has had a serious health problem in the past, whether he has chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart, liver. In addition, after an examination of the reproductive organs, the spermiogram test is started.

“ In which section is the spermiogram test done? Let’s answer the question. It would be beneficial to perform the sperm test in a fully equipped IVF center or in the andrology department of hospitals.

He or she will warn the doctor’s partner about what to do before giving a sperm test. The most important of these is to enter into sexual abstinence, that is, not to ejaculate in any way. The abstinence period for the sperm test is at least 2, at most 5 days. After this process, it is necessary to go to the center and give a sperm test.

The sperm sample to be taken for testing is given in the hospital environment. This sperm sample is obtained by masturbation in the spermiogram room in hospitals. In the meantime, his wife should definitely not use products such as lubricants and soap. Also, your fingers and penis should not touch the container where the sperm sample will be placed. Your partner may hesitate or feel uncomfortable masturbating in this environment. In such cases, it is necessary to talk to the doctor and choose an appropriate method.

Semen analysis begins as soon as possible after the sperm sample is taken.

When will the sperm test result come out?

Spermiogram results are usually evaluated within 1 hour. Then the spermiogram is stained for morphology evaluation. In this process, after the sperms are stained with a special method, the cells are examined. The result will reach you and your spouse within 1 day.

What should the normal values ​​of the sperm test be?

When the results arrive, “ How should spermiogram normal values ​​be? We know you will wonder. From the table below, “How much should the sperm test forward rapid motility be?”, “How should the spermiogram leukocyte value be?” You can find answers to questions such as:

Evaluated propertyValues
Volume2 ml and above
sperm concentration20 million/ml
Total sperm count40 million and above
sperm motilityIt is expected that 50% of the sperms will move forward.
MorphologyIt is expected that 30% of the sperms will be in normal form.
leukocyte contentIt should be less than 1 million ml.
Sperm liquefaction time30 minutes

After the spermiogram results come out, it is evaluated by the doctor and it is clarified that there is no problem. If features that cannot achieve pregnancy are detected in the sperm analysis, treatment methods are investigated.

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