What is the Fertility Period: We Explained in 7 Questions!

If you’re starting to plan a pregnancy, it’s helpful to know some fertility basics. For this reason, we have written an article where you can find answers to many questions from when the fertility period starts to when it decreases, from sexual intercourse to nutrition during this period, from fertility problems to fertility symptoms.

Here are 7 questions and 7 answers about fertility!

1. What is the fertile period?

First, “What does the fertile period mean?” We start with the question. The fertile period covers the period from the time you start menstruating to the time you enter menopause. During this period, there are times when fertility increases and decreases. However, because you continue to ovulate, you are in your fertile period.

2. How is the fertile period determined?

The period in which the rate of union of the egg and sperm is highest is called the ovulation period. In order to understand this period, you need to follow some signs given by your body. Here are those signs:

  • changes in body temperature,
  • breast tenderness,
  • Differences in vaginal discharge,
  • Changes in the cervix.

For more detailed information, Ovulation Symptoms: 6 Signs of Ovulation! You can check our article.

In the meantime, you can also use ovulation tests, where you can determine the ovulation period, which is the fertile period. Ovulation Test: What is it, What Does It Do, How Is It Used? You can find the details in our article.

So, how to calculate the ovulation period? For this, you should keep in mind the day your period starts and know how many days each menstrual cycle is completed.

After this information, you can easily calculate the estimated ovulation period by adding the last menstrual period with the average menstrual cycle day and subtracting 14 from the number you get.

3. At what age does fertility begin?

The beginning of the fertile period is when the menstrual bleeding begins. For this reason, it can vary from person to person. While some may have had their period at the age of 12, another may have had their first period at the age of 17.

However, there are studies showing that menstruation usually starts at the age of 12.5.

4. At what age does fertility decline?

Women in their twenties are known to have a higher pregnancy rate due to the higher genetically normal egg rate. This rate gradually decreases in women starting around 27 years of age. After the age of 35, fertility declines rapidly.

5. What to do to increase fertility? How to increase fertility?

There are a number of factors to consider to increase fertility. You can increase your fertility by removing some habits that you would like to stay away from, and by paying attention to your diet and frequency of sexual intercourse. For more detailed information on this subject, 7 Ways to Get Pregnant with Tips! We recommend that you read our article. Now, we move on to the first topics that come to mind when it comes to increasing fertility. Nutrition first!

Nutrition for fertility

A healthy lifestyle is very important in fertility as in everything else! However, what we mean is not that you start a diet where you eat matchbox-sized cheese in the morning and half an apple in the evening to lose weight that you think is too much. Above all, eat healthy!

It will be useful for you to increase your fertility by acquiring nutritional habits that we all know but have difficulties in applying. E.g; Eating large amounts of indigestible carbohydrates, such as white bread, reduces ovulation. In contrast, choosing fiber-rich carbohydrates can improve fertility. Therefore, it would be good if bread choices contain high amounts of wheat, rye and cereals instead of white flour.

In addition, it is known that women who reduce their animal protein intake and eat more protein from plants have a lower risk of miscarriage and increase their fertility.

Let’s make another very simple and useful suggestion. Consume a glass of milk, a small ice cream or full-fat yogurt every day! Simple, right?

Having intercourse during the fertile period

regular sex; women’s health, regular and painless menstrual period, that is, it is a good way to overcome ovulation problems.

However, there are many people who think that having regular and frequent sexual intercourse reduces the sperm count and reduces the chances of getting pregnant. Recent studies on this subject have shown that this view is wrong. According to the results of these studies, having sexual intercourse at the time of ovulation, that is, of fertile importance, increases the chance of pregnancy.

Avoiding smoking and alcohol

The rate of ovulation and the health of eggs are not only related to age, but also to lifestyle. A 33-year-old woman’s eggs may be similar in number and quality to a 28-year-old woman’s ovaries. One of the first reasons that comes to mind is smoking.

In addition, tobacco has effects that make it difficult for the sperm to reach the egg by creating changes in the cervical fluid. Likewise, alcohol can reduce fertility and cause problems when you become pregnant that can harm the fetus. Therefore, we recommend that you stay away from smoking and alcohol for a healthy pregnancy as well as increasing fertility.

6. What periods does the fertility age cover?

We stated that being a little younger or advanced has an effect on fertility. But when that effect hits 35, “It’s past time to be a mother.” It is not an effect that will cause you to have such a thought. Your ovulation may have decreased and fertilization of your eggs may have been more difficult compared to previous times. In addition, there are some situations that you should not forget in later years. As an example, we can list the following:

  • The probability of multiple pregnancy increases.
  • You may have gestational diabetes.
  • You can have a cesarean delivery due to the increased risk of pregnancy-related complications.
  • The risk of miscarriage is higher at later ages.

But none of this means that the train has run away, let’s say. You can have a healthy pregnancy and have a healthy baby.

Well, what about the younger ones? It should be noted that as the age gets younger, the issue of childbirth becomes more complicated. In particular, the fact that children aged 15 and under are not mature enough in terms of fertility, even if they have menstruation, increases some risks at a high rate. As a result of the researches, we know that pregnancies at an early age cause the problem of pregnancy poisoning called preeclampsia.

In addition, we can say that it increases the risks such as anemia, head and pelvis incompatibility that will complicate the birth, and the death of the baby.

7. What could be the fertility problems?

Finally, we would like to touch on what fertility problems might be.

clogged tubes

In order to become pregnant, the sperm and egg must meet in the fallopian tubes. If there is a problem in the permeability of these tubes, the sperm cannot reach the egg and fertilization will not occur.

Problems in the uterus

Infections in the cervix and uterine secretion disorders can cause fertility problems.

In addition, surgical interventions applied to the uterus can also be a cause of infertility.


Inflammation and infection of the lining of the uterus is called endometritis. The bacteria that cause this infection initially reproduce in the lining of the uterus. They then spread outside the lining of the uterus, into the ovaries and pelvic veins.

Some of the symptoms of this infection are:

  • Fire,
  • Enlargement and tenderness of the uterus,
  • foul-smelling vaginal discharge,
  • Shake,
  • Headache.

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