In this article, we have told you everything you want to know about the Waldorf approach, which is an educational approach that has an art-imitation motive and aims to support the individuality and abilities of the child!
What is the Waldorf approach?
This form of education, introduced by Rudolf Steiner in 1919 and given to the children of Waldorf Astoria cigarette factory workers, spread in a short time. The cornerstone of this approach, initiated by Steiner, is that every child has a potential and this potential emerges when appropriate conditions are met.
According to the Waldorf philosophy or Steiner approach; The Waldorf education method aims to continue learning and develop to the full potential of all children throughout their lives. In addition, it is to ensure that children acquire a sense of social belonging by behaving respectfully instead of competing. In other words, the Waldorf education method is an ideal method for pre-school education to provide an educational environment that aims to encourage respect, potential and curiosity and to support healthy development.
The place of art in Waldorf education approach
Making room for art, offering creative games to children improves children’s creativity. According to Steiner, a child’s toys should be few and simple. This helps to develop the creativity of the child. Steiner also thinks that toys that stay neatly in baskets or shelves instead of being scattered in the middle, and that the playground is organized play an important role in the development of children. In addition, in order for the child to reveal his rhythm, he should be intertwined with music and if he has a talent for these subjects, they should be dealt with.
What are the characteristics of the Waldorf approach?
Anthroposophy is the most basic principle of the Waldorf approach. This concept means the study of human wisdom, that is, self-knowledge. This principle is adopted by educators who adopt the Waldorf approach and instilled in students. Teachers teach children beauty, truth, and respect, based on knowledge and accuracy.
Arrhythmia is called Steiner’s art of movement. Its rhythm aims to make speech and music visible through movements and gestures. Music or speech is expressed through bodily movements, almost a body language expressed through dance. In this way, it provides the development of harmony and balance of children.
Respect for development Every child is unique and each child’s individual development and developmental stages should be respected. In addition, every child should be educated according to his development.
What are the basic principles of the Waldorf school?
- All children should be admitted to school, regardless of their socio-economic status, race or religion.
- Education should continue for 12 years without interruption, students should not be directed to different types of education.
- It should be recognized that each child has different individual characteristics and their own superior abilities. When planning education, it should be taken into account what children can learn. It should be aimed to develop all the abilities that the child has.
- The rhythm in the person should be brought out.
- Ensuring that the school is a democratic environment independent of the state. In addition, each school should organize its curriculum according to the society in which it is located.
- The school should be managed by teachers and there should be no hierarchy in it.
- It should continue with the same teacher for eight years of primary education.
- In Waldorf education, report cards are not given until almost high school. The evaluation system is shaped by situations such as long reports, notes, home visits.
- It is aimed to apply the child’s skills, to strengthen creativity, to stimulate imagination, to feed the feelings of understanding and empathy, and to increase social responsibility.
Why should the Waldorf education model be preferred?
- Supporting the individual development of the child,
- The child learns how to think, not what to think,
- Supporting the creativity of the child,
- If goals such as supporting your child’s self-esteem and self-sufficiency suit you, the Waldorf approach may be a suitable option for preschool education.