What You Should Know About Adenoids in Children

Adenoid, which is common in children and brings with it many problems, is a problem that should be taken seriously and definitely treated.

In this article, we have explained everything about adenoid growth, symptoms and treatment in children and babies. Let’s learn!

What is nasal meat?

The tissue mass we call adenoid is located in the upper part of the throat, on the uvula and behind the nose. Mission; It is to fight against bacteria, viruses and infections by producing antibodies and to prevent their progression to the body. In other words, the adenoid is a mechanism that defends its body.

What causes adenoid enlargement in children?

Adenoid enlargement is a very common condition in children. Especially after the age of 2, most of the children face this problem. If the child has started kindergarten or kindergarten, that is, if he enters crowded environments, there is a high probability that he will encounter this problem. So why is this happening?

  • Smoking near the child and being exposed to smoke (passive smoking),
  • The child’s allergy is,
  • Frequent throat infection live,
  • Conditions such as a weak immune system are among the causes of adenoid enlargement in children.

What are the symptoms of adenoid enlargement in children?

In your child;

  • Difficulty breathing through the nose,
  • Don’t talk like your nose is stuffy,
  • Loud and wheezing breathing
  • night snoring,
  • anorexia ,
  • developmental delay,
  • Sinusitis ,
  • sleep deprivation,
  • If you experience symptoms such as difficulty swallowing food, you may suspect adenoid enlargement.

Let’s also say that adenoid enlargement can often be accompanied by tonsillitis.

What are the problems that can be caused by adenoid enlargement in children?

  • Sleep apnea,
  • Frequent ear infections
  • chronic sinusitis,
  • chronic cough ,
  • Behavioral disorder caused by interrupted sleep due to poor breathing,
  • Again, growth retardation due to poor quality sleep,
  • Oral breathing because of bad breath ,
  • Dental caries due to mouth breathing,
  • Conditions such as inability to gain weight may develop due to adenoid enlargement in children. In other words, “Does adenoid affect the development of the child?” Our answer to your question will be yes.

How is adenoid treatment done in children?

If your child is diagnosed with adenoidal enlargement, an antibiotic treatment is administered first. With this form of treatment, it is aimed to destroy the inflammation that occurs on the adenoid. But if there is no inflammatory condition, it can be waited for a while. Because some adenoid enlargements may be for a short time and may shrink spontaneously.

In which situations is adenoid surgery performed in children?


  • If the child does not respond to antibiotic treatment,
  • If pharyngitis recurs,
  • If you have sleep apnea
  • If speech disorder is seen, adenoid surgery may be in question.

How is adenoid surgery performed in children?

  • First, the child will be put to sleep with general anesthesia. You may also be given a sedative beforehand to relieve tension.
  • During the surgery, the adenoid is taken with an intervention made through the mouth of the child. There is no such thing as a cut in the throat.
  • The operation will take an average of half an hour. If the child does not have breathing difficulties or bleeding, he will be discharged within a maximum of 1 day.

At what age should adenoid surgery be performed?

One of the issues that parents are most curious about is the age at which adenoidal enlargement surgery will be performed in children. The adenoid takes its largest form between the ages of 4-6 and is most commonly seen at the age of 3 years. For this reason, we can say that it is preferred to perform adenoid surgery after the age of 3 years. However, if the surgery is very necessary, it can be performed at a younger age.

You don’t have to be afraid that your child will suffer. Because there are no nerves in the adenoid tissue, there is no serious pain problem. For this reason, the child can return to his routine up to 1 day after the surgery.

Is it harmful to have adenoids removed in children?

There is a belief among the people that a child who has adenoids gets sick more often and his body is vulnerable. However, this issue has no scientific basis. Yes, adenoid is a defense mechanism of the body, but after it is removed, other tissues in the body begin to work like adenoid. In other words, there is no harm in adenoid surgery in children.

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