Although intelligence testing in children is an increasingly common practice, experts recommend that it be done as a necessity.
In which situations should children’s intelligence tests be done, what are the intelligence tests for, and where are the centers where these tests can be done? We have prepared a comprehensive article for you!
What is an intelligence test?
The practice to determine mental skills through a set of standardized scales and express them with numerical values is called an intelligence test or IQ test.
But intelligence is a versatile and dynamic thing. For this reason, it is important to remember that the score obtained by the IQ test is basically a method that grades logical and verbal intelligence. Because much more than verbal and logical skills are hidden in the concept of intelligence.
Is intelligence test necessary for children?
The intelligence test is a necessity for children if there is a real need. However, experts complain that intelligence tests in children are used outside of this need today due to its popularity.
Both parents and teachers may request an intelligence test for their child for various reasons. However, it is not right to do this arbitrarily or for reasons that are not based on a real need. If you want your child to have an intelligence test, you should have it done if it is really for his benefit. “Is my child smart?” or “I want to know my child’s intelligence level.” You shouldn’t take a test with an unfounded understanding like that.
What is the intelligence test for children?
If the intelligence test is done as a result of necessity, it provides great convenience to the family who knows the mental development of their child. Knowing your child’s skills and competencies, you have a roadmap for directing him to related fields.
If it is determined that your child is behind his/her peers, you can make progress in his/her skills and activities with compensatory education. So you can take early action.
Should every child be tested for giftedness after the age of 3?
However, you do not have to act this way, as this view arises from a point of view for the benefit of society. You should observe your child closely and if you think he has clues that point to the signs of the smart child, you should look for it.
Can a 3-year-old’s intelligence be measured with a test?
An academic working on giftedness and talent education in children, Dr. Bahar Eriş says that the majority of children between the ages of 3-10 have variable IQ scores. Because during this period, children’s brain development continues rapidly. In this case, according to Eriş, it is not highly recommended for a 3-year-old child to pass an intelligence test.
In fact, Eriş states that intelligence tests are not recommended for children before the age of 6, and according to the latest studies, tests performed until the age of 11 are insufficient to predict academic success.
As you can see, there are different opinions on this matter. But basically what you have to consider is whether your child really needs it.
In which situations should intelligence test be applied in children?
You don’t want your child to have an intelligence test out of the blue, but you sense some differences in your child. I wonder if my child may be gifted, you are in doubt or you suspect that your little one has mental retardation. In this case, you need to review your child’s skills and competencies.
Intelligence tests are applied depending on the insufficient or superior performance of the children. Even if the comments made by you as a parent and your spouse or the observations of your child’s teachers are correct most of the time, these observations can contain subjectivity. This leads to erroneous assessments. If someone who is an expert on the subject decides that it would be beneficial to do an intelligence test for the child after his evaluations, of course, it is right to do the test.
What should be considered for the intelligence test due to insufficient performance?
- Inadequacy in reading, writing and arithmetic skills,
- Deficiencies in skills related to school performance, such as slow learning pace
- Inability to adapt to social environments,
- Showing deficiencies in growth and development, such as difficulty in meeting daily needs on their own.
What should be considered for the intelligence test based on superior performance?
- Strong sense of curiosity and memory
- Having reasoning skills and high learning speed,
- Having a rich vocabulary, conceptual knowledge and advanced language skills,
- High imagination and creativity.
What are intelligence tests for children?
The most widely used intelligence tests worldwide;
- Stanford-Binet intelligence test,
- Wisc-r intelligence test,
- Leiter intelligence test.
All of these tests are carried out in the presence of experts. The Stanford-Binet intelligence test is used to identify both mentally retarded and gifted children. It is applied to children between the ages of 2 and 16.
Although it was a test first produced for adults, the WISC-R intelligence test is also used for children today. WISC-R children’s intelligence test, suitable for ages 6 to 16. This individually administered test takes 1-1.5 hours in total. It consists of two parts, verbal and performance intelligence.
The Leiter intelligence test is a kind of performance test. Suitable for children between the ages of 2 and 18. It measures mental areas such as visual skill, perception and attention.
When you do research on the subject on the internet; You can encounter online intelligence tests under titles such as 4-year-old intelligence test, 5-year-old intelligence test. But none of these are reliable tests. You should not test your child yourself with these tests or with various intelligence test questions you find on the internet. There are many intelligence testing centers where you can take your child for this.
Where is the intelligence test given to the child?
- Child and adolescent psychiatry clinics,
- psychotherapy centers,
- intelligence test application centers,
- Guidance and research centers,
- science and art centers,
- Hospitals that perform intelligence tests (university and some research hospitals) are among the places that perform intelligence tests for children.
How to develop intelligence in children?
The development of intelligence in babies is a process that begins in the womb. The most important factor supporting this is your diet during pregnancy. There are many factors that come into play after hugging your child. The most important factor in infancy is breast milk. Telling fairy tales is one of the most effective ways. Proper nutrition, adequate fluid consumption and physical exercises are among the most effective ways to contribute to the development of intelligence in children.
Since intelligence is a multifunctional concept, intelligence development techniques should also be addressed in this direction. There are many sub-breakdowns such as verbal and linguistic intelligence, visual intelligence, social intelligence, numerical intelligence and bodily intelligence. You should make sure your child does exercises that nourishes all of these areas.
You should chat with him a lot and make him spend time with mind games in accordance with his pre-school and after-school periods.